My research broadly focuses on how economic/development activities typically favor some human groups at the expense of other existing or future human groups or the environment. My research draws on and critiques a range of political-economic theories and uses primarily field-method approach.

I am currently researching how market-driven and business-as-usual climate actions (neoliberal activities in particular) in coastal Bangladesh cause further vulnerability of  land-dependent rural communities.

In my past research, I drew on data from 60 interviews with Bhopal gas and water victims (Gas Peedit) and activists, field observations, archives, and official and independent reports, examining the ways in which the neoliberal turn in the governance of the Global South played a role in the production of slow violence, a violence of prolonged social and environmental destruction that spreads over time and space. to examine marginalized locales’ vulnerability to slow violence, I created and analyzed a cross-national dataset of environmental catastrophes with long-term adverse ecological effects.

Nikhil deb with first and second-generation Bhopal victims (left) and is observing a demonstration, organized by Bhopal survivors (right), of the 34th anniversary of the Bhopal catastrophe. Image: Nikhil Deb

Book Manuscript

I am currently preparing a book manuscript on the adverse effects of climate change actions in Bangladesh. It’s on the proposal stage and will focus on climate change as slow violence. Details coming soon!